The problem of dry air in the house often occurs in winter when the heating is on, or in the summer months when the air conditioner is used. Dry air not only creates discomfort, but also harms the health of residents. Increased allergy symptoms, frequent respiratory illnesses, and excessive skin dryness are often the result of insufficient humidity in the room. Today we will talk about the causes of dry air and how to deal with this problem.

Causes of dry air

Most often, excessive dryness in the room is caused by the following factors:

  • Heating systems. Heating devices that work actively during the cold months significantly reduce air humidity.
  • Air conditioners. When cooling the room, they remove moisture from the air.
  • Weather conditions. Dry and cold air outside the window can reduce the humidity in the room, especially if there is frequent natural ventilation.
  • Use of certain household appliances. Some appliances, such as electric heaters or kitchen hoods, can contribute to dry air.

The causes of dry indoor air are varied and can be combined. Therefore, it is very important to monitor the humidity level regularly and take care to normalize it.

Geographic location also affects the humidity level at home. If you live in a region with low humidity (for example, in mountainous or desert areas), this can also be one of the reasons for excessively dry air.

Normal humidity level in the apartment

The normal level of humidity for living quarters is 40-60%, and 45-50% is considered ideal. However, if there are small children in the apartment, the humidity should be even higher. Thus, the figure for a children’s room varies between 60-70%.

How to measure air humidity at home?

The easiest way is to buy a hydrometer and install it in the room. The operation of an electric hydrometer is based on a change in electrical resistance or material capacitance when exposed to moisture. Such devices are very accurate and are often combined with thermometers. You can see the humidity level right on the screen of the device.

The effects of dry air at home

Dry indoor air causes:

  • Skin problems. Dry air can cause redness, itching and flaking of the skin, and dry hair.
  • Respiratory problems. The mucous membranes of the nose and throat become less moist, which can cause discomfort, aggravate the symptoms of allergies and respiratory diseases. The body also becomes susceptible to respiratory diseases.
  • Static electricity. Dry air contributes to the accumulation of static electricity, which can cause unpleasant tingling sensations when you touch objects or people.
  • Damage to wooden furniture and musical instruments. Dry air can cause warping, cracking, and other problems with wooden objects.

Dry air is especially harmful to children and infants. Children are more likely to suffer from respiratory diseases and cough. Therefore, parents should monitor the level of humidity not only in the children’s room, but also in the entire apartment. This is especially true if the child suffers from allergies or frequently has ARVI.

Ways to control humidity

Various methods are used to regulate the humidity level in a room. In particular, this is:

  • Use of humidifiers. Such devices help to maintain the optimal level of humidity in the room by spraying water in the air.
  • Indoor plants. Some plants, such as aloe, spathiphyllum, or ficus, can maintain humidity levels by evaporating water through their leaves. However, these changes will be very minor.
  • Regular ventilation. Although cold air can be drying, short-term ventilation helps to renew the air in the room.

The most effective method of regulating air humidity is to install supply and exhaust ventilation with a heat recuperator. Let’s talk about how it works below.

How do heat recuperators help regulate air humidity?

Heat recuperators are systems that allow you to effectively ventilate a room by supplying fresh air and removing exhaust air. They don’t just transfer the heat of the outgoing air flow to the incoming air flow, but can also affect the humidity in the room. Here’s how recuperators help regulate humidity:

  1. Removal of excess moisture. Breathing, cooking, bathing can lead to an increase in humidity in the house. Recuperators help to remove humid air from the room, prevent condensation on the windows, and provide freshness without the need to open the windows.
  2. Creating air mobility and reducing the deposition of moist air on the surface, which ultimately reduces the appearance of condensation on windows and wall surfaces.

Do you want to install recovery ventilation to maintain a comfortable temperature at home? PRANA will be happy to help you. To consult on the choice of equipment, call us or leave your contacts in the feedback form!